module 3 review

Marguerita Sejaan
2 min readMar 22, 2021


  1. What is the study of:

· political economy: the study of who owns what in terms of the means and results of production

· political economy of communications or political economy of media: who owns what in the media

· feminist political economy of communication: the study of how the relations of ownership in the media are gendered

2. How does capitalism and patriarchy overlap to shape:

· media production practices: the media is mainly owned by men, women don’t have the means of production

· media content practices: since the content is curated by men, it perpetuates sexist discourses and the male gaze

· media reception practices: it is created by men for men

3. How does gender and class inequality impact media consumption in Lebanon?

consumers have less access to technology, internet, or they don’t have the time and energy resources due to class or gender roles they have to fulfill.

4. How do gender, patriarchy, and capitalism overlap to shape women’s and men’s experiences in the media industry generally in the world and specifically in newsrooms in the Arab region?

men have all the positions of authority in the media, so they are seen as leaders, and they control how women are seen, meaning usually in a sexualized way.

5. Why is the development history of policies that structure and govern the internet a feminist issue?

the way the internet is set up by men perpetuates violence against women and makes it more inaccessible for women

6. How do unequal power relations offline shape online experiences of gender based violence?

online, offline relationships will just repeat themselves, meaning the ways men hurt women and are never held accountable remain.

7. What is an algorithm and how do algorithms reproduce sexism and racial inequality?

algorithms are the systems that collect our data and push new content for us to consume, but when they are created the programmers personal biases are in play, and usually these programmers are straight white men, who are likely to push preexisting discourses on us.